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2021-05-03分享 "> 对不起,没有下一图集了!">

Are you certain your online activities are private? Think again.

Not only are your surfing sessions tracked by websites, search engines and social networks, but often your Internet provider, Web browser, government and potentially hundreds of online tracking companies.

Whether it's to collect valuable marketing data or prevent criminal activity, everything you think you're doing privately in the comfort of your home is anything but private.

That said, there are a few ways to spend time online anonymously. The following are a few suggestions.

SMART SOFTWARE

How does Facebook know to show you ads for your local gym or supermarket? In part it's because your computer's unique Internet Protocol (IP) address, assigned by your Internet provider, reveals your geographical whereabouts. Even if your computer generates a different IP address every time you boot up or log online, this number (e.g. 220.165.119.12) can still tell your general location.

There are a variety of solutions that can hide your Internet connection, allowing you to remain anonymous while online.

Some are websites, such as free "online proxy servers" that conceal your identity. Simply point the Web address (URL) to the proxy server and surf right from its website (check out proxy.org for a list of great options).

Others prefer to download Virtual Private Network (VPN) software that encrypts your online sessions.

The browser-independent Hotspot Shield from AnchorFree (anchorfree), for example — available for Windows, Macs, iPhone and Android — channels all Web activities through a personal VPN and secures Internet communications by turning all HTTP traffic into the safer HTTPS (which is what your bank uses for a safe connection). There's an ad-supported free version and a beefier "elite" option ($29.95/year) with more bells and whistles.

Similarly, Tor is free software that defends you against Internet surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy. Short for "The Onion Router" — which gets its name for its "layered" approach to the encryption process — Tor (torproject.org) provides online anonymity as the software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers to conceal your location or online usage patterns.

USB STICKS

In some cases, software to encrypt your connection is kept on a USB drive — so you can remain safe and secure even when using a public PC.

SurfEasy Private Browser ($69.99 one-time fee; surfeasy) is a tiny USB key that fits into a credit card-shaped case to be kept in your wallet. When you plug it into a PC or Mac — be it your own computer or a public one — it instantly launches its own password-protected browser and you're good to go (no proxy or network settings to configure).

Your browsing session is handled through SurfEasy's fast and secure private proxy network. Your IP address will be masked throughout the session.

The company also has a new downloadable product called SurfEasy VPN that can protect computers, smartphones and tablets.

Also consider Tails (tails.boum.org), which can be downloaded and installed onto a USB stick to run independently of the computer's original operating system. Like SurfEasy, it lets you browse the Web anonymously — on virtually any computer — as all connections are channeled through the aforementioned Tor network.

BROWSER TWEAKS

Anonymous proxy software is a great way to mask your IP address online, but there is still plenty of information about your Web-surfing habits stored on your computer — which could also be viewed over a network, say, at the office, by your IT department.

At least it's somewhat easy to control your privacy settings directly in your Web browser, unless your company forbids non-administrators from making changes to your browser settings.

You can disable cookies — tiny text files stored on your computer with information about where you've been online, passwords and other info — and you should also delete your browser history to cover your tracks. All major Web browsers — such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome or Safari — allow you to delete your surfing history: Simply go to the Options or Settings in your favorite browser and you'll see how to do this.

You might want to turn off auto-complete or someone on your computer could type in a few letters in a search engine or Web address (URL) bar and any recent places you visited could fill in automatically. And don't click to allow sites to "remember my password" or someone could gain access to your private or financial information.

The easiest thing to do, however, is to see if your Web browser has settings for surfing incognito — most of the major browsers do today. By enabling these privacy settings, your browser won't save any history (and download history), search queries, cookies or passwords.

When it comes to your search engine, you could choose not to save your history. Google, for example, was recently ordered to make this easier for users, to avoid European privacy rules. You could also choose not to log into your Google account when using these services (or not use them at all) or you might want to install one of the free browser plug-ins that tell Google and other advertisers to back off.

Finally, you might have heard Facebook is going to start sharing Web-browsing history it collects with advertisers to display more targeted ads — yes, even on non-Facebook sites you visit. But you can opt out of this within Facebook's Privacy settings.

你确立你的在网上主题风格主题活动是隐私保护维护吗?再想一想。

据《今日美国报》网站报道,不仅便是你的浏览整个过程被网站、查找控制模块和社交媒体新闻媒体互连网跟踪,还会继续再次被你的互连网服务提供商,网页页面网页页面浏览器,政府部门单位以及过千家互连网追踪公司所追踪。
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不管是收集珍贵的市场销售销售市场营销推广营销推广数据信息信息内容,或者是防止违反规定违法犯罪主题风格主题活动,所有你感觉你一直在家里中私下做的事情决不会是信息内容信息保密的。

即使如此,大伙儿仍有一些方法密名地畅游互连网。以下便是一些建议。

智能化化手机上手机软件

twiter是如何向你呈现你当地的健身运动运动健身房或者大型商场的广告宣传宣传策划的?逐一一部分是由于你电脑上上唯一的IP详尽详细地址。这一详尽详细地址申请办理申请注册在你的互连网服务提供商当中,说明了你的当然自然地理位置。就算你的电脑上上每一次连接登陆互连网时,都导致一个不一样的IP详尽详细地址,这一数据信息(例如:220.165.119.12)仍然会裸露你的大概位置。

让你许多的方法可以隐藏你的互连网联平台接,促进你在网上时保持密名。

一些是网站,例如彻底完全免费的“互连网代理商商互联网网络服务器”——可以隐藏你的真正真实身份。简单地将互连网详尽详细地址(URL)改成代理商商互联网网络服务器,并马上从网页页面网页页面浏览网站(请查寻proxy的一张例举许多挑选项的清单)。

其他的就趋于于完全免费免费下载虚拟专用型型网(VPN)手机上手机软件——可以将你的互连网一一部分数据信息数据加密。

来源于于于AnchorFree(anchorfree)的独立浏览器互联网网络热点屏蔽掉掉手机上手机软件,举个例子——对于Windows,Mac,Iphone和Android具体实际操作系统软件手机软件均有效。它依据一个自己的VPN输通所的网页页面网页页面主题风格主题活动,并转变所有HTTP通讯变为一个更安全性性的HTTPS来使互连网沟通交流沟通交流更为安全性性(这就是你的金融业组织运用的更为安全性性的连接)。一个无广告宣传宣传策划可用的彻底完全免费版本号号和一个更坚固拥有很多装饰设计的“精锐”可以选择($29.95/年)。

一样地,Tor是一个彻底完全免费的手机上手机软件——维护保养你没被威胁自己随便和隐私保护维护,可可免于互连网监管。Tor是“The Onion Router" (洋葱路由器器器)的通称。这名字的由来是由于它信息内容信息保密方法的”层级的”方式。此手机软件依据一个全世界范围的志愿填报申报互联网网络服务器互连网——可以藏匿你的位置或者在网上习惯性性,将互连网沟通交流沟通交流分路,Tor(torproject.org)提供互连网的密名性。

U盘

在一些情况下,手机上手机软件对于你的连接信息内容信息保密是存储于一个USB储存盘上的——因而假如你用一个公共性性的电脑上处时,你可以以确保安全性和信息内容信息保密。

SurfEasy Private Browser (方便快捷浏览的信息内容信息保密浏览器,$69.99 一次性生活费;surfeasy)是一个小小的的的USB钥匙——可以放入一个本人个人信用卡模样的小小盒子,并且放进你的钱夹。假如你将它插到一个电脑上上或者iPhone电脑上上——随便便是你本身的电脑上上或者一个公共性性电脑上上——这钥匙会立刻安装它本身的有登录登陆密码维护保养的浏览器,如此一劳永逸(无需设定代理商商或者互连网设置)。

你的浏览一一部分依据SurfEasy快速和安全性性的隐私保护维护代理商商互连网处理。你的IP详尽详细地址在所有整个过程上面会被掩藏。

这一公司同时也是有一个新的可以完全免费免费下载的产品称之为SurfEasy VPN (轻轻地松松浏览虚拟专用型型网)——可以维护保养电脑上上,智能化化手机上上以及平板电脑电脑上电脑上上。

另外,考虑到到一下Tails (tails.boum.org)——可以单独完全免费免费下载并且安装于U盘上,并且可独立于电脑上上原本的具体实际操作系统软件手机软件单独运行。例如 SurfEasy,让你密名地浏览网页页面网页页面——实际上在一切电脑上上上——因为所有的连接都由上述谈起的Tor互连网恰当正确引导。

与众不同浏览器

密名代理商商手机上手机软件是一个隐藏你IP详尽详细地址的绝妙方法,但是却仍有许多相关你的网页页面网页页面浏览习惯性性的信息内容內容存储于你的电脑上上,这类还能够被互连网查寻,比如说,在办公室室室,被你的IT企业(互联网技术性性企业)。

至少那般马上在你的互连网浏览器里,控制你的隐私保护维护设置比较十分非常容易,除非是就是你的电脑上上禁止非管理方法方式员对你的浏览设置做出变更。

你可以以令其得信息内容內容记录程序(cookies)——储存于你的电脑上上的一点点的相关你在网上浏览过火么,登录登陆密码以及其他信息内容內容的文字文字文本文档,不工作中中。你也理当删除你的浏览记录来掩藏你的健身运动运动轨迹。所有重要的互连网浏览器——例如Internet Explorer(互连网探索者),Firefox(火狐浏览器访问器),Chrome(Google浏览器)或者Safari(iPhone浏览器)——都允许你删除你的浏览历史时间時间:简单地找寻挑选项或者设置莱单,你可以弄清楚如何删除浏览历史时间時间。

你或许要想关闭自动式开展功效,要不然他人在你的电脑上上上仅仅在查找控制模块或者详尽详细地址栏中输入一些英语英文字母,一切你的近期浏览过的详尽详细地址会自动式地填好。也是有,无须选择允许网站“熟记我的登录登陆密码”要不然他人可以获得你的隐私保护维护或者账号的信息内容內容。

可是十分简易的方法是,看见你的互连网浏览器状况下有木有痕浏览的挑选项——大多数数数重要的浏览器明确有此项功效。依据启动这类隐私保护维护设置,你的浏览器不可易存储一切历史时间時间(以及完全免费免费下载历史时间時间),查找百度搜索百度词条,信息内容內容记录(cookies)或者登录登陆密码。

说到你的查找控制模块,你可以以以选择不存储你的历史时间時间,举个例子,比如Google,最近接到命令为消费者把此项功效简易化,来防止欧州的隐私保护维护规章制度。假如你运用这类服务的状况下(或者根本不用),你要能够选择不登陆你的Google账号,要不然你或许会要想安装某一彻底完全免费的浏览器手机软件,让Google以及其他的广告宣传宣传策划商避免你。

最后,你或许早就听到过twiter将会和广告宣传宣传策划商共享资源它收集的网页页面网页页面浏览历史时间時间,来呈现更有针对性的广告宣传宣传策划——是的,甚至你浏览的非twiter的网立在。但你可以以以在twiter的隐私保护维护设置选定择逃离这类。

(译者 Francis_Yu 撰写 齐磊)

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